D. Bruce Macdonald

Independent Director

Mr. Macdonald has extensive experience in the financial services industry. Previously Mr. Macdonald was Head of Commodities for RBC Capital Markets and Co-CEO of RBC (Barbados) Trading Bank Corp. where he led RBC’s Discretionary Capital Group in the Bahamas. Previously Mr. Macdonald was Head of Wholesale Technology and Operations for RBC’s Capital Markets and Wealth Management business. Mr. Macdonald served as Executive Vice President of Royal Bank of Canada and served as President of RBC Dominion Securities Inc., a Canadian brokerage firm, from 2005-2015.